Customs of the future will have “artificial intelligence”, and “smart” checkpoints will appear on the border
In ten years, customs will not only be able to digitalize all processes, but will also have “artificial intelligence”. This topic became a key one at the International Customs Forum 2019, which was held in Moscow.
“In just three years, a big breakthrough was made in the customs sphere,” said Ruslan Khaimanov, the head of the Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk customs post. “In 2016, our post took part in an experiment on the remote release of declarations for goods transported through Sakhalin border crossing points. That is, the bulk of all declarations that used to be submitted to posts in Korsakov, Kholmsk, Yuzhno-Kurilsk began to be drawn up by the Yuzhno-Sakhalinsky customs post. The experiment was a success. n 2018, when I visited the International Customs Forum, the first electronic declaration center was opened in the country. Today, 12 out of 16 similar centers have already been created, in which up to 65% of all declarations are executed.”
This year, Ruslan Khaimanov visited the main forum venue – “Customs 2030: The Trajectory of the Future”, which was attended by Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Anton Siluanov. The First Deputy Prime Minister voiced the main directions of development of the customs service until 2030. The head of the Federal Customs Service Vladimir Bulavin also spoke in detail about the strategy. In the future, the customs service plans to completely switch to paperless control and introduce new software products that can carry out customs control, including without human intervention. For example, now we are developing models of an intelligent checkpoint, which provides for the automation of processes and the use of “artificial intelligence” methods. It is supposed to create a unified information system in which all technical means of customs control will be integrated.
Now, at the border, customs officers use stationary systems such as “Amber”, inspection systems, portable dosimeters, X-ray units and other means of customs control. “Artificial Intelligence” is designed to process large amounts of data without numerous devices and almost without the participation of customs inspectors. At the same time, these models are practically developed for sea and air checkpoints. The inspection functions will be assigned to special working groups focused on risky deliveries. About 90% of customs risks will be identified automatically.
The main mission of the development strategy of the customs service-2030 is to ensure the national security of the Russian Federation, to promote the development of international trade and the growth of trade. The growth of trade, primarily non-oil exports was also discussed at the International Customs Forum. According to Ruslan Khaimanov, it is planned to double the volume of Russian exports by 2024. Operator functions to support business will be carried out by the Russian export center, which will fulfill the role of a “single window”, including providing customs services to entrepreneurs.