GOST is technical standards kit in force in the CIS countries. For some products, GOST certification is required (more than 20,000 items in total). Others can undergo this procedure at will, for example, to create a better image.
GOST rules are supported by the succeeding regions: Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Moldova.
In addition, each country has its own state norms. In Russian Federation, those are GOST R.
The state certification scheme guarantees the safeness and top grade of products and services, both domestic and foreign. A complete subject’s catalog to mandatory certification is available on the official website www.gost.ru.
In the forming process of the GOST R rules the governmental act “On Technical Regulation” No. 183-F3 was taken into account. It is focused on the local and external markets.
In Russian Federation, there are two large options of certification systems: voluntary and mandatory.
Consequently to Federal Law No. 184, certification scheme contains:
- The central certification body that carries out organizational functions.
- Certification bodies need to demonstrate the capability to conduct an examination. Their responsibilities contain the preparation of papers in a particular area and conformity assessment.
- Certification laboratories conduct reliability markers and measure the level of evaluated facilities and services.
- Candidates are individual entrepreneurs or State legal subjects (in special incidents, external fabricators).
Required GOST certificate should receive:
- Information safety tools;
- Geodesic, cartographic and topographic products;
- Federal railway transport;
- Information defense remedies;
- Explosives manufacture safety;
- Fire safety;
- Maritime civilian vessels;
- The Russian Federation air transport;
- Aviation equipment and civil aviation facilities;
- For nuclear facilities, storage facilities for radioactive materials;
- Federal secrets and ways to protect them;
- Immune biologicals.
National special control or organization of certification are accomplished by Rosstandart. This agency is a section of the Industry structure Ministry and the Russian State Trade.
Only the Russian citizens can register such a system. It can be corporate or regional.
- Coal mining;
- Advertising services;
- Gas station services;
- Assessment of intellectual property.